Uncover the Different Types of Scars and Learn How to Treat Them

Scars are a natural part of the healing process, but they can have a lasting impact on both the appearance and function of the affected area. There are three main types of scars that can occur as a result of injury or surgery: keloid scars, hypertrophic scars, and contracture scars.

Keloid Scar

A keloid scar is an overgrowth of scar tissue that grows outside the boundaries of the original wound. It is usually caused by an overly aggressive healing response to an injury or surgery. Keloid scars are most common in individuals with darker skin tones, and they can appear anywhere on the body. They tend to be raised, firm, and itchy, and they may cause discomfort if they press against clothing or jewelry.

Hypertrophic Scar

A hypertrophic scar is similar to a keloid scar in that it is also an overgrowth of scar tissue. However, unlike keloids which grow beyond the wound site, hypertrophic scars remain confined to the area of injury or surgery. These types of scars typically appear red and raised initially but will usually fade with time.

Contracture Scar

A contracture scar occurs when there is not enough healthy skin surrounding a wound to allow for adequate healing. This type of scarring often results in tightness and restricted movement in the affected area due to the formation of fibrous bands beneath the skin. Contracture scars can be especially problematic for burn victims who may suffer from limited mobility or disfigurement due to their scarring.

Treatment Options

Scars can be treated in a variety of ways, depending on the type of scar present. Treatment options range from medications to surgical procedures. In order to determine the best course of action, it is important to know which type of scar is present.

Surgical Options

Surgical options are often used for keloid scars and hypertrophic scars. The goal of surgery is to reduce the size and appearance of the scar. This may involve excision or cutting away the scar tissue, followed by suturing or stitching the skin back together. In some cases, a combination of excision and laser treatments may be used for more severe cases. Surgery may also be used to treat contracture scars, which are caused by burns or other injuries that limit movement in the affected area. Surgery can help restore movement in these areas by releasing the tightened skin around joints and muscles.

Laser Treatment

Laser treatment is another option for treating scars, especially those that are raised or discolored. Laser treatments use light energy to break down scar tissue and stimulate collagen production in the skin. This helps reduce the appearance of scars over time and improve their texture. Laser treatments are most effective when combined with other treatments such as steroid injections or topical creams.

Steroid Skin Peels

Steroid skin peels are a form of chemical peel that uses a steroid solution to reduce inflammation and promote healing in the skin. This treatment is often used for hypertrophic scars that are red, raised, and painful. It works by breaking down collagen fibers that make up the scar tissue and allowing new healthy skin cells to grow in its place. Steroid skin peels can be done at home with over-the-counter products or they can be done professionally at a doctor’s office or dermatologist’s office using stronger solutions.

Follow up with proper aftercare to ensure best outcome; pain management; sun exposure prevention; keep scar clean and dry; moisturize; avoid activities causing trauma.


Once the scar has been treated, it is important to follow up with proper aftercare in order to ensure the best possible outcome. Aftercare can vary depending on the type of treatment and severity of the scar, but there are some general tips that should be followed by all patients.

Pain Management

Depending on the type of treatment, pain management may be necessary. It is important to consult a doctor or medical professional for advice on which type of pain medication should be taken and for how long. Over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help reduce swelling and discomfort associated with the scarring. In some cases, prescription strength medications may be necessary to manage more severe pain.


Sun Exposure Prevention

It is important to protect newly treated scars from sun exposure as much as possible. The ultraviolet rays from the sun can cause damage to the skin and interfere with healing processes. Wearing sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 is recommended when going outside for extended periods of time, even if it is cloudy or overcast. Protective clothing such as hats and long-sleeved shirts can also help prevent sunburns and other skin damage.

Care of the New Scar

The scar should be kept clean and dry at all times in order to avoid infection or further irritation. Gentle soaps should be used when washing the area, and any bandages should be changed regularly according to instructions provided by a medical professional. Moisturizing creams or lotions can help keep the skin hydrated and promote healing, but they should not be applied directly to open wounds or scabs that have not yet healed completely. Additionally, any activities that may cause further trauma or irritation to the area should be avoided until it has fully healed.

Following these tips can help ensure a successful recovery from scar treatment and minimize any potential complications that may arise during healing. With proper care and attention, most scars will fade significantly over time and become less noticeable with age.

Scars affect anyone, 3 main types, treatments vary, aftercare important for proper healing.


Scars are a common condition that can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, or ethnicity. They vary in size and shape and can be caused by several different things such as injuries, surgeries, infections, and acne. The three main types of scars are keloid scars, hypertrophic scars, and contracture scars. Treatment options for these scars include surgical removal, laser treatment, and steroid skin peels. Aftercare for scar treatment includes pain management, sun exposure prevention, and care of the new scar.

Overall, it is important to understand the different types of scars and their treatment options so that you can make an informed decision about which type of treatment is best for you. It is also important to follow the aftercare instructions provided by your doctor to ensure proper healing and reduce the risk of further complications. With the right care and attention, you can reduce the appearance of your scars and help improve your self-confidence.